Mòine / Peat-Working

Robert MacLeod
Alexander MacLennan
Lewis, Carloway
April 1962
  • [NOTES: the original title of the list is “Terminology Associated with Peat-Cutting and Drying”.]
mòine bhànbrown peat. It is light coloured and light in weight.
mòine dhubhblack peat.
mòine dheargpeat where you have iron mixture and you get red ashes.
mòine chailcthe peat glows but has no flame and it remains as chalk.
mòine chaoranachbroken peat.
smuirthe finest of broken peat.
poll-mònachpeat bank.
blàr mònachpeat stretch.
bàthasdairdangerous bog. It is to be avoided for stock safety. It is dangerous because it is situated in a place where the water cannot be drained off it.
càradh-cheapcut turf for grazing. When the turf has been taken off the bog it is placed grass side up for grazing.
spaidspade for taking the turf off.
priogadhpricking down with the spade part of the turfing.
rusgadhthe process of taking off the turf so as to enable one to reach the peat.
a’ chasthe handle of the peat-cutter. [See tairsgeir.]
smeachanthe step, on the peat cutter, for the foot to exert pressure on the blade so as to cut the peat. [See tairsgeir.]
an iarunnthe iron blade. [See tairsgeir.]
aodann a’ phuillthe face of the bank.
broinn a’ phuillthe cut-away part of the bank.
uachdar a’ phuilltop of the bank.
carcairwidth of cut. It was never more than an average person’s throw. This was a strong tradition as it was communal work.
barr-fhadtop layer of peat.
caoranthe bottom layer because it was blackest.
dàrna fadthe 2nd layer. The layers in between the top layer and the bottom layer were numbered from the top.
cor-fhadthe first peat.
gearradh na mònachpeat cutting.
cur-a-machthrowing or spreading the peats on the bank for drying.
sadailthrowing of spreading the peats on the bank for drying.
sgaoilteachthe appearance of the thrown peats.
gàrradhthe wall of peat laid stagger fashioned [sic] with holes left to allow the air to circulate and thus dry the peats. The wall could be of 2 or 3 rows.
ath-bhlàrwhen the original peat bank was finished and no more peat could be obtained from it, a second peat bank was started where the other one had started.
barawheel-barrow for carrying the peats.
grabhagan under-sized peat bank.
rùdhanafter the peats had been allowed to lie on the bank for a considerable time they were made into piles of different sizes. The first pile is the ‘rùdhan’ and usually consists of 6 peats and 1 on top.
ath-rùdhanthe 2nd pile of peat. It is the resetting of the 1st pile but it is slightly bigger.
aiseagcarrying the peats from the bank to a spot near the road.
cruachadhsmall stacks made out on the peat banks.
ceapadhplacing turf on these small stacks [i.e. cruachadh (q.v.)].
tuthadhplacing turf on these small stacks [i.e. cruachadh (q.v.)].
tarruing na monachtaking home the peats.
bath-chliabhsmall creel. The younger people used these as they were lighter.
dronnagpack saddle.
irisbreast band.
breuganopenings on the creel for the breast bands.
staingeanspikes on top of creel for breast band.
tòrr-mònachheap of peats.
cruach tighepeat stack at home.
stéidheadhbuilding up the stack.
’g a do chuir a mach as an fhaddriving the two working ahead of you. When cutting in company you kept your place.
sgiobathe peat cutting crew.

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